There are a number of medical conditions for which medical marijuana may be beneficial. With judicious use of cannabis, it may be possible to ease the symptoms of the condition considerably. In some cases, medical marijuana may also reduce the severity of side effects associated with certain drugs.
Keep in mind that this glossary is not meant to take the place of professional medical advice or treatment. If you are suffering from any type of health condition, the first step should always be to seek medical attention.
- Acquired Hypothyroidism
This condition is caused by impaired thyroid gland function, and results in severely depleted thyroid hormone levels. It can cause coarsening and/or thickening of the hair, cause the skin to dry out, and cause the nails to turn brittle. Other patients also experience extreme inability to handle cold temperatures, unusual fatigue or weakness, depression, and inability to concentrate.
Although marijuana does not actually cure hypothyroidism, it can help ease many of the symptoms of the condition, improving concentration in some and possibly even erasing depression.
- Acute Gastritis
Acute gastritis is a condition that causes a variety of pain symptoms in its sufferers. It is often a chronic condition, and the pain and discomfort can severely affect the patient’s quality of life. The condition causes inflammation that can spread throughout the stomach and cause even more severe pain. Gastritis sufferers usually exhibit pain in the gastric area initially, and then may experience nausea, vomiting, and abdominal gas.
Patients with gastritis may experience some relief from the pain by using medical marijuana. Marijuana may also control the nausea and vomiting associated with the condition.
- Adrenal cortical cancer
This type of cancer primarily affects the adrenal gland’s cortex. The condition typically does not cause any outward symptoms, although patients may have fever, pain in the abdomen, unusual loss of weight, and a feeling of always being full. Patients with adrenal cortical cancer may benefit from occasional marijuana use, which can help ease the symptoms of radiation and chemotherapy.
- Adult-onset diabetes
Adult-onset diabetes is a type of diabetes that is also called diabetes mellitus or Type 2 diabetes. The condition results in the impairment of the body’s ability to produce or utilize insulin. When this happens, the glucose in the body is not absorbed into the fat cells, and instead remains in the blood and is converted into blood sugar. People with adult onset diabetes typically experience frequent thirst, increased urination, and overall tiredness and fatigue. Some of the more serious effects of the disease are infections, nerve damage, and heart attack.
People with adult onset diabetes may benefit from the regular use of marijuana. Judicious use of the herb can help ease many of the symptoms of the condition.
Agoraphobia is the fear of large groups of people, especially in public settings. Translated literally as “fear of the marketplace”, agoraphobia can cause a variety of fear-based reactions in the patient. Agoraphobia is characterized mainly by feelings of severe anxiety, which can compel a person to avoid going out in public or meeting with groups of people. Over time, the condition may worsen to the extent that the patient stops interacting with other people altogether.
Marijuana has been known to reduce feelings of anxiety in some people. Patients with agoraphobia may be able to get relief from an impending anxiety attack by ingesting a small does of marijuana.
- Alcohol Abuse
The term “alcohol abuse” is commonly used in reference to the excessive and/or frequent use of alcohol to the extent that it has an effect on the person’s health. This effect may be physical, mental, emotional, or all three. Alcohol abuse can take on many forms. Some people opt to drink almost continuously for several days, while others drink excessively within a short period of time in order to get drunk as quickly as possible. Alcohol abuse is a common symptom of alcoholism, and it can cause serious physical and/or mental conditions.
Some studies indicate that marijuana consumption does not cause lasting physical or mental harm or dependency. In some cases, marijuana use maybe a preferable alternative to alcohol abuse.
Alcoholism is a complex condition primarily characterized by a severe dependency on alcohol. Now considered a disease, alcoholism causes millions of dollars worth of damage to person and property every year. Many casualties of alcoholism become injured or even die through automobile or heavy machinery related accidents. Other causes of death and injury from alcoholism include cirrhosis, certain types of cancer, stroke, and heart attack. Severe alcoholism can also cause brain damage, and a variety of personal and emotional issues.
Many proponents of medical marijuana feel that it is a much safer alternative to alcohol use. Marijuana can ease anxiety that is often at the root of alcoholism, and it doesn’t cause nearly as many harmful effects, physical or otherwise. Proponents of medical marijuana also claim that it won’t impair the person’s day-to-day activities as severely as alcoholism does.
- Alopecia areata
Alopecia areata is disease that primarily affects the immune system, causing it to attack the hair follicles. When this happens, hair falls out in clumps. The condition typically starts out with the patient developing a single bald patch. As the disease progresses, other bald patches may develop all over the head and join together into larger patches. In especially severe cases of alopecia, the patient may even lose all his hair.
The exact cause of alopecia areata is as yet uncertain, but its action on the immune system leads many to believe that it may be related to stress in some way. For reducing stress as a means to reduce the severity of alopecia areata, it may be beneficial to use medical marijuana.
- Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is debilitating condition that primarily affects the brain. A neurologic disorder that progressively worsens over time, Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia that inevitably leads to death.
Medical marijuana seems to show some promise in terms of slowing down the effects of Alzheimer’s disease. Studies are currently being undertaken to determine the potential of marijuana as a preventive measure and even a treatment method for Alzheimer’s disease.
- Amphetamine dependency
Amphetamine dependence is a disease that involves the compulsive use of amphetamines and/or related drugs. Many users that are heavily dependent on amphetamines frequently use drugs such as MDMA and ecstasy as well. Amphetamines – and especially methamphetamines – are especially dangerous drugs that can cause rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, heart failure, psychotic episodes, and more.
Marijuana use is a much more favorable alternative to amphetamine dependency. Furthermore, marijuana may help ease the symptoms of amphetamine withdrawal, which can be useful for recovery.
Amyloidosis is the term used to refer to several related health conditions that primarily affect certain proteins in the body. Normally soluble, these proteins are rendered insoluble by the condition. The proteins then accumulate in different bodily organs and impair their normal function. Amyloidosis causes a number of painful and even life threatening symptoms including carpal tunnel syndrome, damage to the heart, swelling of the liver, kidney failure, and nerve damage.
Medical marijuana may provide some relief from the painful symptoms of amyloidosis. However, the patient is advised to seek professional medical attention for diagnosis and treatment of the condition.
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Also called Lou Gehrig’s disease or simply ALS, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a neurological condition that causes widespread weakening of the muscles, and severe impairment of functions such as speaking, swallowing, and even breathing. Like many other neurological conditions, ALS is rarely treated successfully, and has a high rate of mortality.
Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis may benefit considerably from judicious use of medical marijuana. For symptoms such as cramping and spasticity, marijuana may be beneficial in small doses.
- Angina pectoris
Angina pectoris is a condition typically characterized by a pain in the chest. It is thought to be caused by obstructions or spasms in the arteries leading to the heart. This can result in an inadequate supply of oxygen and glucose to heart related tissues. These obstructions are often the result of an underlying coronary disease.
Some patients who use medical marijuana may experience a reduction in the severity of angina pectoris symptoms due to the increased flow of blood to the area. However, marijuana might actually exacerbate the condition, so it would be best to seek medical advice before using it if you are suffering from angina pectoris.
Ankylosis is a condition characterized by stiffness in the joints. It is caused by adhesion in parts of the joints, which tend to become rigid with age. Because of the fragile nature of the joints and of the muscles and tendons around them, ankylosis patients have an increased risk of injuring those areas. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to restore mobility and movement to the patient.
Patients suffering from ankylosis may benefit considerably from the use of medical marijuana. This may relax the muscles around the affected joints, thereby enhancing movement. Marijuana may also reduce the pain associated with ankylosis.
Anorexia is commonly characterized by a drastically reduced appetite, although it is often an indicator of a more serious psychological condition. Anorexia also commonly occurs as a secondary illness in patients suffering from AIDS, cancer, hepatitis, congestive heart disease, and depression, among others.
Medical marijuana may restore the appetite of patients suffering from anorexia. The analgesic effects of the plant may also reduce pain associated with other primary conditions in which anorexia is a secondary illness.
- Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is a mental condition marked by an extreme repugnance to food. People who suffer from the condition usually worry about their weight obsessively. They can lose a considerable amount of weight and suffer from a variety of distressing symptoms such as hair loss and constipation. Their skin may also dry out and their nails may become brittle. Many women also experience reduced menstrual flow or their period may stop altogether.
Medical marijuana can help restore the appetites of patients with anorexia nervosa. Marijuana use may also relieve some of the stress associated with the condition.
- Anxiety disorders
“Anxiety disorders” is the blanket term for a number of individual conditions which all primarily involve varying degrees of anxiety. Among the conditions that fall under this category are panic attacks, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Patients with this condition may experience severe feelings of fear, worry or dread, and may be highly irritable. They may also have difficulty concentrating and have unexplained bouts of nausea. For the relief of these symptoms – especially nausea and anxiety – it may be beneficial to use small amounts of marijuana.
- Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
Arteriosclerotic heart disease is a condition closely related to arteriosclerosis, which is when plaque buildup in the arteries causes them to harden and to eventually close up. In arteriosclerotic heart disease, it is the arteries directly connected to the heart that are affected by the plaque buildup. Most people who have arteriosclerotic heart disease also have high blood pressure, since the heart is required to work much harder than usual in order to pump blood through the congested arteries leading to the heart. People who have both these conditions are especially at risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Since marijuana may help reduce blood pressure, people with arteriosclerotic heart disease may benefit from the use of small amounts of marijuana. As with all other heart-related conditions however, it would be best to seek professional medical attention before ingesting or continuing to ingest marijuana.
Arthritis is a painful condition that affects the joints. It is characterized by stiffness, swelling, and pain. Arthritis often results in a severe limitation of the patient’s movements. There are actually more than a hundred different kinds of arthritis, with the most common being rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Marijuana is thought to alleviate the pain associated with arthritis. Some proponents of medical marijuana use also believe that the herb can help reduce swelling in the joints.
Arthropathy is a painful condition that is better known by the name “gout”. A fairly common health problem, gout tends to affect more men than women. The condition is the result of the body’s inability to eliminate toxins through the urine. The uric acid that accumulates in the body then leaves calcified deposits in the joints, and causes severe inflammation. This often develops into an infection with very painful results. Gout can causes severe pain and motion impairment, and the condition has a severely detrimental effect on the lives of its sufferers.
Marijuana may reduce the pain associated with gout. Some proponents of medical marijuana use also believe that small amounts of marijuana may be able to reduce inflammation.
Asthma is a respiratory condition that causes severe breathing impairment. Asthma may either be restrictive or inflammative, but these conditions can occur at the same time as well. In people with restrictive asthma, the tiny air passageways in the lungs begin to close, making the absorption of oxygen impossible. In inflammative asthma, the bronchioles in the lungs become irritated and inflamed. When this happens, they can grow to many times their normal dimensions. Asthma is especially dangerous when the restrictive and inflammative forms occur at the same time.
Because marijuana is a bronchodilator, it may help loosen up the air passageways in people with restrictive asthma. Allergies to marijuana are also extremely rare, which makes it a better option than many anti-asthma medications.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder is the term used for a mental and behavioral condition in which the patient experiences difficulty maintaining attention or controlling impulsive behavior. People with ADD/ADHD are also often hyperactive. Many patients of the condition exhibit all three qualities.
Marijuana may be beneficial for helping ADD/ADHD patients stay focused and remain attentive. Proponents of medical marijuana use also claim that it may help control hyperactive or impulsive behavior.
Autism – also called Asperger’s disease – is a mental condition marked by severe impairment of social and communication function. Autistic people often engage in routines and habits that seem to have no significance or serve no outward function. Nevertheless, patients tend to be very rigid about these “rituals”, and they can be very upset when these routines are disturbed.
Patients with Asperger’s may benefit greatly from controlled use of medical marijuana. In some cases, patients were better able to deal with social situations, and even experienced reduced depression. Some patients also experienced less frequent and less server mood swings, and better control over their emotional extremes.
- Autoimmune Disease
An autoimmune disease is a condition wherein the body’s autoimmune system sees a part of the body as a threat and takes measures to counteract that “threat”. Many autoimmune diseases are of indeterminate cause, although they are most commonly attributed to neurological and genetic factors. There are many different types of autoimmune diseases, the most common of which are Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Lupus, Dystrophy, and Gehrig’s disease. Many autoimmune diseases are incurable, and they often cause severe damage to the specific parts of the body that they consider a threat.
Medical marijuana is known to ease some of the symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases. Some proponents of marijuana use also believe that it can slow down the progress of Parkinson’s and other autoimmune diseases.
- Back Pain
Back pain can refer to anyone of the many different painful conditions that affect the back. The most common complaints involve pain in the lower back, although this can be felt in middle or upper parts of the back as well. Back pain is often a chronic condition, and it can have a severely detrimental effect on the patient’s life.
Marijuana can help ease some of the back pain resulting from injury or a lifetime of poor habits. Marijuana can also help reduce the dependence on painkillers during the post-operation recovery period.
- Back Sprain
A back sprain can occur when you lift a heavy object improperly, too quickly, or from the wrong position. The condition often causes rips and tears in the surrounding muscles, tendons, and nerves as well, and can result in a great deal of pain. A back sprain can make walking and even standing difficult, and it isn’t unusual for a patient to be laid up in bed for several weeks. Most cases of back pain are also recurring, and a person who suffers from them can usually expect several more episodes throughout his life.
Common treatment for back sprain are anti-inflammatory drugs or, for more extreme cases, painkillers like oxycodone or vicodin. Marijuana might also be a feasible treatment solution for people who have recently experienced back sprain. In addition to easing the pain of the condition, marijuana also has none of the side effects associated with powerful narcotic drugs, nor will it cause the stomach upset associated with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Bell’s Palsy
Bell’s palsy is a fairly common condition in which trauma to one of two of the major nerves in the face causes paralysis. Although the condition is usually temporary, it can cause discomfort and distress to the patient. The most common symptoms of Bell’s palsy are unusual weakness or stiffness in a particular area of the face, “lazy” eyelids, twitches, and tearing. Alternately, the patient may also have an unusually dry mouth and/or eye, and one side of the mouth may droop.
Marijuana may relax the patient’s muscles to a degree sufficient to ease discomfort. It may also be beneficial in reducing pain symptoms.
- Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder in which patients experience extreme and abnormal shifts in mood and energy levels. Patients typically shift from periods of intense elation and optimism to utter despair and depression. Most patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder rarely stay in the emotional middle ground for very long. The condition can cause severe impairment in the person’s social and personal functions, and can even compel the sufferer toward suicide.
Marijuana may help people with bipolar disorder deal with the more damaging aspects of the disease. With judicious use of marijuana, people with bipolar disorder may be able to maintain a more even emotional bearing.
- Brain tumor
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. They may be benign or malignant, also even benign brain tumors can be a significant health risk. As the cells grow and multiply, they can cause considerable pressure in the nearby areas of the brain. The patient may experience a wide variety of symptoms ranging from headaches to nausea, or they may not experience any symptoms at all. All brain tumors should be treated seriously and they always require the attention of a medical doctor.
Marijuana can be an integral component of a comprehensive brain tumor treatment program. If approved by the doctor, marijuana can be used to reduce pain, quell nausea, and ease the discomfort caused by certain medications.
Bruxism is a condition marked by the frequent and unintentional grinding of the teeth. This is most often done during the sleep, and it can cause a number of sleep-related issues. Patients may be totally unaware of the activity, although most will report less than satisfactory sleep during the night. Patients may also experience significant wear in the enamel of the teeth.
Medical marijuana may be useful in easing stress that may be causing the bruxism. It may also help improve the quality of the patient’s sleep.
Bulimia – also known as bulimia nervosa – is a type of eating disorder wherein the patient repeatedly binges on food only to vomit it all up shortly afterward. This characteristic cycle of binging and purging can go on for days or even weeks, and is often done in secret. Patients who purge their food regularly often resort to desperate and creative measures to keep their habit a secret. Although primarily a mental and/or emotional disorder, bulimia can cause severe damage to the stomach, esophagus, and teeth. Longtime bingers and purgers are also at risk for malnutrition and opportunistic diseases.
Marijuana may be able to help a person with bulimia control the urge to purge. Under medical advice, marijuana may also be used to instill a healthier outlook toward food.
Cachexia (also known as wasting syndrome) is a broad term used to refer to a variety of symptoms that typically occur as a result of a serious disease such as cancer, kidney disease, and AIDS. These symptoms include: weight loss, muscle wastage, loss of appetite, loss of strength, and inability to walk or stand. One theory points to the possibility of cachexia as being caused by substances released by the cancer.
If approved by the doctor, marijuana may be used to encourage appetite in patients suffering from cachexia. Marijuana may also help ease the symptoms of chemo and radiation therapy and generally improve the patient’s outlook.
The term “cancer” refers to a variety of diseases typically characterized by malignant groupings of cells or tissues. These growths tend to enlarge and spread to nearby tissues, and cause the impairment of certain body function. They can also cause severe damage to affected organs. Cancer cells tend to resist most forms of treatment, and they can reoccur even several years after being treated. Different types of cancers have different symptoms, but most cause extreme fatigue, severe pain, unexplained loss of weight, high fever, abnormal bowel movements, and coughing.
Marijuana has traditionally been used to help ease some of the side effects of radiation and chemotherapy. In some cancer patients, marijuana can restore appetite, reduce pain, and improve the patient’s general outlook.
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a type of repetitive stress injury that commonly occurs in people who work with computers for long periods. The condition is caused by damage to the median nerve running through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. Unfortunately, most people are diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome when it is already in its advanced stages. When this happens, the condition is no longer reversible, and most treatment options are limited to pain management. Carpal tunnel syndrome can cause pain in the wrist, hand, forefingers, and even the arms.
Marijuana may help those with carpal tunnel syndrome deal with the pain and discomfort of the condition. It can also help relax muscles and prevent the condition from worsening.
- Cerebral palsy
The term “cerebral palsy” refers to a number of motor related disorders that can hinder growth and physical development. These disorders typically limit body movement considerably, rendering the patient unable to carry out even the simplest tasks. Patients with cerebral palsy may also experience severe disfiguration, poor posture, and problems with visual perception.
If the patient is approved for medical marijuana use, small doses may be helpful in relaxing the muscles and reducing pain. Patients may also have a better appetite and a generally more positive outlook.
- Cervical Disk Disease
Cervical disc disease is a spinal condition encompassing a number of issues affecting specific parts of the spine. A patient diagnosed with cervical disk disease may have a herniated nucleus pulpous, a degenerative condition affecting one or more discs, and even an internal disc disruption. These conditions are caused by the deterioration the discs in the neck, which occurs with time.
Patients with cervical disk disease may get considerable relief from the pain by using medical marijuana. This will also help relax stressed muscles.
- Cervicobrachial Syndrome
Cervicobrachial syndrome is the term used in reference to a number of symptoms commonly felt in the neck and shoulders. These areas may become tender, swollen, numb, and even painful. If a doctor cannot find an underlying physical condition that can explain these symptoms, medical marijuana may be able to provide some comfort.
Chemotherapy is one of the most helpful therapies available to cancer patients, but it is also often the most damaging. As the radiated chemicals kill off the cancer cells, they kill off some of the healthy cells as well. Patients undergoing chemotherapy therefore experience a number of severely debilitating side effects as well, including nausea, weakness, fatigue, soreness in the mouth, throat, and gums, and many more. For such patients, marijuana may be helpful for restoring appetite and reducing pain and discomfort.
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition marked by feelings of tiredness that cannot be attributed to any health condition. These fatigue spells tend to last for extended periods and does not seem to be helped by resting. Patients diagnosed with this condition are unable to perform up to 50% of their regular day-to-day activities.
Medical marijuana may be helpful for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. In controlled doses, marijuana may help improve the quality of rest and relieve muscle stress.
- Chronic Pain
Chronic pain refers to a condition wherein the patient experiences pain for a longer period than that which is typical for a typical disease or injury. The reasons for these conditions are often unknown, and the fact that they may or may not be related to any physical condition makes them especially difficult to diagnose. If the doctor approves it, medical marijuana may be beneficial for patients suffering from chronic pain. This can be especially effective for easing the symptoms of the condition.
- Chronic Pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis is a condition characterized by a pancreatic inflammation. The condition usually worsens over a period of several weeks, and may result in serious permanent damage to the pancreas. As the organ progressively loses its ability to release essential enzymes that regulate the body’s digestive processes, the patient may become unable to digest nutrients from food.
Some proponents of medical marijuana believe that it can reduce inflammation in some people. Along with the ability to enhance appetite, this quality may make marijuana beneficial to people with chronic pancreatitis.
- Chronic Renal Failure
Chronic renal failure is a condition marked by the gradual decline of kidney function. This process occurs over a period of several months or years. Kidney problems are often at the root of this condition of course, but chronic renal failure may also occur in people who have hypertension, diabetes, or who have a blood relative that has been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease.
Patients with chronic renal failure should first consult with their doctor if they wish to use medical marijuana. Depending on the patient’s condition, the doctor may allow it for stress relief and for improving the quality of sleep.
- Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches are headaches that typically occur at periodic intervals. Some of the most painful types of headaches, cluster headaches often come on without warning and cause severe pain with no apparent reason. Patients typically feel a headache on only one side of the head, which also affects the closest eye. Many describe the sensation as similar to having the eye pushed out of the socket.
Since cluster headaches occur for no apparent reason, they can be difficult to treat. However, some patients respond favorably to medical marijuana use, which may reduce the severity and frequency of the attack.
- Cocaine Dependence
Cocaine dependence is both a physical and a mental addiction to cocaine. The drug provides the user with an intense feeling of euphoria and a rush of energy, which can be intensely addicting. Cocaine use can cause number of dangerous effects, including accelerated heart rate and high blood pressure, both of which increase the person’s risk of heart attack, stroke or aneurysm. Excessive cocaine use can also lead to psychotic episodes and extreme feeling of paranoia.
Marijuana is a much safer alternative to cocaine. It provides none of the side effects of cocaine, and does not cause physical or mental addiction.
Colitis is condition characterized by a swelling or an inflammation in the colon. It can be caused by many factors including viral infection, bacterial infection, and food poisoning. Colitis may also be caused by disorders involving the digestive system such as Crohn’s disease.
Some types of colitis seem to respond favorably to medical marijuana use. Although marijuana by itself is not an effective treatment remedy for colitis, its soothing effect may be beneficial for the recovery period.
Conjunctivitis is a condition marked by the swelling of the tissues in the eyelids. This can occur for any one of many reasons, including illness, infection, or allergy. Conjunctivitis may also be caused by a parasitic infection or a sexually transmitted disease. The condition is closely related to “pink eye”, which is a viral infection that affects the same eyelid lining.
Conjunctivitis can cause a great deal of discomfort and sometimes even pain. For some patients, the use of marijuana may be beneficial in reducing some of the discomfort associated with the condition.
Constipation is a condition wherein the patient is unable to pass stool or has considerable difficulty doing so. Patients with the condition may also be unable to have at least three bowel movements per week. Along with the difficulty involved in having a bowel moment, patients with constipation may also experience abdominal pain, a feeling of being bloated, and nausea. If the condition is left untreated, the patient may be at risk for fecal compaction or rectal prolapse.
Marijuana may help relax the bowels of patients with constipation. Apart from encouraging normal bowel movement, marijuana may also ease the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
- Crohn’s Disease
Crohn’s disease is a chronic condition that primarily affects the intestinal tract. Among the most common symptoms of the condition are: pain in the abdomen, unexplained weight loss, fever, bleeding from the rectum, skin and eye irritation, and diarrhea.
Upon the advice of a medical doctor, marijuana may be taken to help deal with the symptoms of Crohn’s Disease. This can be especially useful for reducing the pain caused by the disease.
- Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition in which the body’s ability to produce mucus is impaired. It can cause a variety of respiratory issues, with some patients experiencing them from birth. Patients with cystic fibrosis typically experience coughing, lung congestion, pneumonia, and pain and infection in the sinus. The condition also often causes difficulty in breathing.
Patients with cystic fibrosis should ask their doctor if they can use marijuana. This may help loosen the air passageways and reduce the discomfort associated with the condition.
- Darier’s Disease
Darier’s disease is a rare skin condition that causes a number of disfiguring symptoms in its patients. Also called keratosis follicularis, and dyskeratosis follicularis, Darier’s disease is characterized by thick spots of reddish or brownish growth on the forehead. These spots may also appear on the scalp, in the folds of the nose, in the ears, and other parts of the torso.
Darier’s disease may not directly improve with marijuana use. However, marijuana may be helpful in reducing the discomfort associated with the condition.
- Degenerative Arthritis
Degenerative arthritis is a condition that is characterized by the depletion of cartilage in the joints. The condition is also known as “osteoarthritis”, and it can cause a number of painful symptoms. Patients with degenerative arthritis may benefit considerably from using marijuana as pain relief medication.
- Degenerative Arthropathy
Degenerative arthropathy is a condition marked by the progressive deterioration of the joints. The condition is caused by a metabolic defect in the cartilage in the joints.
Patients with degenerative arthropathy may benefit from judicious use of marijuana. This can be a safer alternative to anti-pain and anti-inflammatory medications.
- Delirium Tremens
Delirium tremens is a condition most commonly associated with the abrupt cessation of drinking in alcoholics. It consists of a number of symptoms, with the most common being the “shakes” or trembling. Delirium tremens can also become much worse, and cause the patient to experience severe withdrawal symptoms with seizures, tremors, palpitation of the heart, and vomiting. In more severe cases, the patient may even experience hallucinations and be at risk for death.
Marijuana may be able to ease some of the effects of delirium tremens. It is also generally considered a much safer alternative to alcohol.
Dermatomyositis is a disease of the muscles, although its symptoms most often appear on the skin in the form of a rash or inflammation. The areas most commonly affected by dermatomyositis are the face, the neck, the shoulders, the chest, and the back. In addition to the rash, patients may also experience a weakness in the muscles, soreness or stiffness, and swallowing and breathing difficulties.
Medical marijuana may be able to reduce some of the discomfort associated with dermatomyositis. Marijuana may also make to easier for the patient to breathe.
- Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of diabetes in which excessive sugar levels in the blood causedamage to certain nerves. Patients will typically experience the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, difficulty swallowing, and muscle cramps. Patients may also experience a deep seated pain in the extremities, inability to tell the difference between cold and warm temperatures, and an overall feeling of weakness. With judicious use of marijuana, patients may be able to manage the nausea and ease the pain from the muscle cramps.
- Diabetic Peripheral Vascular Disease
This condition causes the arteries in the legs to narrow down considerably, restricting the flow of blood. When this happens, the patient has a higher risk of getting a heart attack or a stroke. Unfortunately, diabetic peripheral vascular disease often shows no symptoms. And the few symptoms – numbness, tingling, leg pain – are often ignored or mistaken for some other health condition. With regular use of small amounts of marijuana, these symptoms may be easier to manage.
Diarrhea refers to a condition in which the patient has an increased urge to have a bowel movement, but is able to pass only watery stool. The condition may stem from a temporary disorder of the bowels, an infection, or some other type of illness. Patients with diarrhea experience frequent watery stools, and abdominal pain and cramping. Or some patients, marijuana may help ease the abdominal pain and settle the bowels.
Diverticulitis is a condition wherein the diverticula in the intestinal linings become infected. The condition is especially uncomfortable when it occurs in the large intestines and the colon. Regardless of the area affected, diverticulitis is a very painful and distressing condition. It is thought to be caused by a fiber-deficient diet, which causes the person to strain when moving his bowels. This causes the formation of diverticula pouches in the colon, where fecal matter may accumulate and cause an infection. The most common symptoms of diverticulitis are abdominal pain, diarrhea, gassiness, fever, poor appetite, constipation, and nausea.
Although marijuana does not address the cause of diverticulitis or the condition itself, it may provide considerable relief from the pain.
- Dysthymic Disorder
Dysthymic disorder or dysthymia is a mood-related disorder that causes many of the same symptoms as depression. Although dysthymic disorder is generally less severe than what is commonly known as clinical depression, it does tend to last longer. In some people, a single episode of dysthymic disorder can last for two years.
As with most type of depression, patients with dysthymic disorder can benefit considerably from ingesting marijuana regularly. If approved by a doctor, marijuana can help lift the spirits of people with dysthymic disorder.
Eczema is a condition that is most commonly characterized by the presence of a rash. There are many possible causes of eczema, and different patients can be affected to varying degrees. Most cases stem from a simple allergic reaction, although even just a skin irritation can trigger an incident. Still other people develop eczema from a reaction to a topical substance.
Marijuana may reduce the severity of an eczema attack. Patients who use marijuana may also gain relief from the irritation caused by the condition.
- Elevated Intraocular Pressure
Elevated intraocular pressure is the term used in reference to the buildup of fluid pressure in the eye. The condition is often detected during a procedure known as a tonometry, which also helps doctors determine the extent and severity of the condition. The condition is closely associated with glaucoma, and can worsen if left untreated.
The benefits of marijuana for managing the effects of glaucoma are well-known. For patients with elevated intraocular pressure, marijuana use may also provide added relief.
Emphysema is a type of lung disease that belongs to the category of chronic obstructive pulmonary conditions. It causes a deterioration of the lungs over time, and eventually leads to the patient’s death. Emphysema is most commonly caused by smoking of tobacco or tobacco-based products, and it has no known cure. In most cases, emphysema does not exhibit any symptoms until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage. Some of the most common symptoms of emphysema are recurring respiratory infection, shortness of breath or breathing difficulty, increased heart rate, loss of weight, and reduced bone density.
Because emphysema primarily affects the lungs, smoking marijuana is definitely out of the question. However, patients can still benefit from the relaxing and pain relieving effects of medical marijuana by brewing the leaves into a tea or cooking marijuana with food.
- Endometrial cancer
Endometrial cancer or uterine cancer primarily affects the uterus lining. The most common symptoms of the condition are bleeding or discharge from the vaginal area, difficultly or pain during urination, painful intercourse, and pain in and around the pelvis. Patients with endometrial cancer may be able to get relief with the use of medical marijuana, which can also help restore the appetite and reduce nausea after chemo and radiation therapy.
Endometriosis is a condition that primarily affects the lining of the uterus. When this lining spreads, it can grow on and around nearby organs, and eventually damage them. Endometriosis can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort, and is often mistaken for menstrual pain. The condition can only be treated by hormonal therapy or surgery. The doctor may also prescribe the use of anti-inflammatory medications. For some patients, marijuana may be a better option for pain relief than these medications.
- Epidermolysis Bullosa
Epidermolysis bullosa is a condition wherein blisters from on the skin at the site of a minor injury. Predisposition to epidermolysis bullosa is passed on to succeeding generations, and it may appear on sites of the skin that has been subjected to even minor trauma. The condition may also cause loss of hair in the affected area, and the formation of blisters in the eyes, and even in the throat. When this happens, the patient may have considerable difficulty swallowing.
Marijuana may help reduce the discomfort associated with epidermolysis bullosa. In some patients, marijuana use may even help make swallowing easier.
Epididymitis is a condition marked by the swelling of the epididymis, which is the tubular organ responsible for delivering sperm to the vas deferens just before the moment of ejaculation. Epididymitis is primarily an infection that can occur in makes of any age, although it tends to be more common in males aged 14 to 35. It is thought to be caused by sexually transmitted diseases or some other type of infection, and it commonly causes pain, high fever, and chills. Some patients may also experience a discharge, and feel pain during urination, intercourse, or even during bowel movements. Patients with epididymitis may gain relief from the pain with the judicious use of medical marijuana.
Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder that causes patients to experience periodic convulsions and periods of unconsciousness. Also called “seizure disorder”, epilepsy can cause severe impairment of the patient’s physical and mental functions. While all cases of epilepsy should be brought to the attention of a doctor, some patients may experience a reduction in the severity and frequency of attacks with the use of medical marijuana.
- Felty’s Syndrome
Felty’s syndrome is the term used in reference to a number of debilitating and painful conditions that include a swelling in the spleen, reduced white blood cell levels, and recurring infections. Most of the symptoms of Felty’s syndrome mirror those experienced by patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The condition commonly results in stiffening and swelling of the joints. Patients suffering from these conditions tend to benefit from the pain relieving qualities of medical marijuana.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes the patient to experience long-lasting pain all over the body. A chronic condition, fibromyalgia also causes tenderness in the muscles, joints, and tendons. Many patients also experience symptoms such as difficulty sleeping, stiffness upon waking, headaches, and numbness in the extremities. Many patients also experience periods of depression and anxiety.
Marijuana may help fibromyalgia patients reduce the pain caused by the condition. For some patients, marijuana may also be beneficial for dealing with the depression and anxiety.
- Friedreich’s Ataxia
Also known as hereditary spinal ataxia, Friedreich’s ataxia is a serious condition involving certain sections of the spinal cord. A form of sclerosis, the condition attacks the cord’s posterior and lateral sections. The condition occurs most often in children, and it can spread to the other limbs and eventually cause paralysis and contraction.
With medical marijuana use, patients with Friedreich’s ataxia may experience greater mobility and range of movement. At the very least, marijuana can ease the pain caused by the condition.
When the stomach lining becomes inflamed or swollen, the condition is known as gastritis. In particularly severe cases, the lining of the stomach may actually erode. The condition can be caused by any one of many factors, including alcohol abuse, bacterial or viral infection, bile reflux, drug use (particularly cocaine), viral infection, and even stress. Patients may begin to vomit blood and pass dark colored stools. Doctors commonly treat gastritis with a combination of antacids and proton pump inhibitors and removal of the cause of infection. If the condition is causes by a bacterial infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic treatment.
Marijuana can help gastritis patients deal with the more painful symptoms of the condition. When taken as part of a comprehensive treatment program, small amounts of marijuana may be useful in reducing pain.
- Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a skin condition caused by the herpes simplex virus. It most commonly occurs in the genital areas. Genital herpes has also been attributed to the varicella-zoster virus. The most common symptoms of genital herpes are the formation of tiny reddish bumps, blisters, or sores, which can become very itchy, irritated, and painful. By using medical marijuana, patients with genital herpes may be able to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
Glaucoma is a disease that causes the buildup of pressure in the eyes. It can also cause the optic nerve to atrophy, which can later impair vision and even lead to blindness. Even before that happens, the patient may experience a number of symptoms including reduced peripheral vision, pain in the eyes, nausea, vomiting, and blurred vision.
Glaucoma is one of the first conditions in which marijuana has been determined to be beneficial. Aside from helping ease nausea associated with glaucoma, medical marijuana may also reduce pressure buildup in the eyes.
- Glioblastoma Multiforme
Glioblastoma multiforme is a type of astrocytoma that is generally considered to be the most malignant of its kind. It is also one of the highest grades of glioma tumors, and it causes many of the same effects as brain tumors. Patients with glioblastoma multiforme may experience erratic heartbeat, frequent headaches, nausea and vomiting, walking and speaking difficulties, dizziness, vision problems, and seizures. For these and many other symptoms of the condition, the use of marijuana may be beneficial. Marijuana is especially useful for patients who feel nauseous because of the condition.
- Graves Disease
Graves disease is an autoimmune condition that eventually leads to hypothyroidism. When this happens, the thyroid glandproduces excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. Graves disease tends to run in families, and although it can affect men and women of any age, the condition is more commonly seen in women aged 20 to 40 years old. Patients with Graves disease may experience a number of symptoms including vision related problems, unexplained fatigue, difficulty concentrating, abnormalities in the menstrual cycle, weight loss, and more.
Treatment for Graves disease typically involves reducing the production of thyroid hormone or preventing its negative effects on the body. Since this treatment usually involves the use of radioactive iodine therapy, patients may benefit from the use of marijuana, which can quell nausea resulting from treatment.
- Hemophilia A
Of all the different types of hemophilia, the “A” variety is the most common. Also called “factor VIII deficiency”, the condition is passed on from generation to generation, and causes excessive or spontaneous bleeding. Although hemophilia A can occur in both sexes, it rarely occurs in females due to their possession of two X chromosomes. Apart from excessive bleeding, people with hemophilia A are also at risk for pain, bruising, and swelling. The condition also causes bleeding in the joints, which can cause significant damage over time.
Medical marijuana may be helpful for people suffering from hemophilia A. With moderate use, the pain and discomfort associated with the condition may be eased.
- Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
Henoch-Schonlein purpura is primarily a skin condition that may also affect certain other organs in the body. The condition is also known by the names anaphylactoid purpura and purpura rheumatica, and it most frequently occurs in children. The most common symptoms of the condition are minute hemorrhaging on the skin, and pain in the joints and in the abdomen. The condition may also damage the kidneys, causing small amounts of blood and protein to flow into the urine.
Patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura may benefit from medical marijuana use. For some patients, this can help ease the pain associated with the condition.
- Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a liver infection that is most often chronic in nature. The condition results mainly from infection by the hepatitis C virus, and it can cause a condition known as cirrhosis of the liver. Most patients who undergo liver transplants do so as a direct result of Hepatitus C. Medical marijuana can be especially beneficial during the recovery period, when it can be beneficial for dealing with the pain and discomfort.
- Hereditary Spinal Ataxia
Hereditary spinal ataxia refers to a condition affecting the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord. It occurs mostly in children, and typically starts out with ataxia in the lower extremities. This condition eventually makes its way to the upper extremities, at which point the patient may soon experience paralysis and severe contractions.
Patients with hereditary spinal ataxia may benefit from small doses of marijuana. For some patients, this may effectively ease the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
AIDS is the end result of infection with HIV or human immunodeficiency virus. Although HIV itself isn’t fatal, the patient is at increased risk of opportunistic diseases once it has progressed to full-blown AIDS, due to his weakened immune system. Marijuana can be especially beneficial for AIDS patients, due to its ability to restore appetite, improve sleep and reduce pain.
AIDS is the terminal stage of HIV infection. At this stage of the illness, there is a high risk of mortality as the immune system is severely impaired. Patients are also at risk for a variety of AIDS-related illnesses, which may be directly-related to the primary condition, or may be illnesses that are “opportunistic” in nature. These types of conditions occur mainly due to the patient’s weakened immune system, and probably wouldn’t pose a significant health risk in an otherwise healthy person.
AIDS is a very complex condition and it can cause a variety of symptoms, some of which are caused by the primary condition and other caused by opportunistic illnesses. AIDS patients typically suffer from fever, chill, sweating, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and overwhelming fatigue.
Marijuana can be beneficial to AIDS patients, as it may help restore appetite, encourage more restful sleep, and control nausea. Because of the increased risk of respiratory system conditions due to their impaired immune systems, it is advisable for AIDS patients to avoid smoking marijuana and to use vaporizers instead.
- Hospice patients
Hospices are nursing homes that cater to the needs of the terminally ill. These facilities provide physical and emotional support to their residents, and provide them with the medical services that they need as well. For people in these late stages of their lives, medical marijuana can be beneficial in easing pain and discomfort. Recreational use of marijuana may also enhance their social interactions and bring about a better quality of life.
- Huntington’s Disease
Huntington’s disease is a congenital disorder that results in a defective chromosome four. Most patients live many years without even being aware of the condition, as it typically does not exhibit any symptoms. Most patients with Huntington’s disease first become aware that they have the disease in their 40s or 50s. With each generation that inherits the defective gene, there is an increased chance of exhibiting Huntington’s disease symptoms early on in life. The most common symptoms of the condition are seizures, anxiety, and depression. For patients with Huntington’s disease, marijuana use may be beneficial for controlling some of the symptoms.
High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition that causes the heart to work harder in order to pump blood through the system. There are many causes for the condition, but obesity and age often play significant roles. The condition may also be caused by a congenital heart defect, heart disease, or some other type of condition. Patients with hypertension experience symptoms such as light headedness, difficulty breathing, and pain in the chest. They may also feel excessively tired or breathless after minimal exertion.
In some patients, marijuana may help reduce blood pressure by a considerable degree. It is advisable to consult with a doctor first of course, but marijuana might just be an effective form of stress relief.
Hyperventilation is a condition commonly characterized by several deep breaths taken in rapid succession. Also called “overbreathing”, the condition causes the reduction of carbon dioxide in the body. When this happens, the person may experience symptoms such as dizziness, faintness, tingling in the skin, muscle cramps and spasms, dryness of the mouth, and even pain in the chest. Although the condition isn’t usually life-threatening, it may indicate a more serious health condition. There is also a risk of the patient passing out and hurting himself during an episode.
Marijuana may be able to help patients control panic attacks that may lead to hyperventilation. It may also help relive stress that is so often a trigger for the attacks.
Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood. Patients suffering from the condition may experience a number of distressing and uncomfortable symptoms, but the main danger is the insufficient flow of glucose to the brain. When this happens, the patient may go into a seizure and/or lose consciousness. In the extreme scenario, the patients may suffer permanent brain damage or even die as a result of glucose depletion.
Marijuana may cause the patient’s system to produce more insulin in response to the promise of food. For patients suffering from hypoglycemia, it might be worth discussing the benefits of marijuana with their doctor.
Impotence is a psychological condition characterized by an inability to achieve erection or penetration during sex. The term is used in reference to the psychological reasons for the inability to perform these acts, rather than any physical issues. The condition itself may be due to a wide variety of factors, including stress, depression, or worry.
Marijuana may be helpful for easing the stress that is often at the root of impotence problems. Small amounts of marijuana may also help relax the patient, and ease the pressure associated with sex.
- Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
Inflammatory auto-immune mediated arthritis is a condition that stems from an immune system related inflammatory problem. Some of these diseases do not have a clear cause, and their symptoms are the only things that they have in common. Like all types of arthritis, these conditions can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort, and they can have a severely detrimental effect on the person’s life.
Marijuana may be useful in helping patients deal with the pain of inflammatory auto-immune mediated arthritis. In some patients, marijuana may even improve the quality of life considerably.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
The term “inflammatory bowel disease” or IBD refers to a number of inflammation related conditions that primarily affect the small intestine and the colon. The two most common diseases of this sort are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. All these diseases are potentially painful and can cause a great deal of discomfort. For some patients, marijuana use may provide considerable relief from the pain.
Insomnia is a type of sleep related disorder in which the person is unable to fall asleep or remain asleep as long as he wants. The condition by itself is harmless, although it may indicate a more serious underlying health problem. Over time, insomnia can also cause a number of issues if it is left untreated.
Marijuana may be helpful for patients with insomnia. The calming, soothing effect of the herb might be just what the patient needs to get a good night’s sleep.
- Insulin-dependent diabetes
Insulin-dependent diabetes is another form of diabetes. Also called Type 1 diabetes, the condition is also referred to as “juvenile diabetes” in order to distinguish it from adult-onset diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin is severely impaired. Because of insufficient insulin production, the body is unable to absorb glucose.
Marijuana can help make some of the symptoms of insulin-dependent diabetes more manageable. Doctors may approve the use of marijuana along with other forms of treatment.
- Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
Intermittent Explosive Disorder is a condition in which the person often exhibits violent emotional outbursts. During an episode, the person is usually unable to control himself, and unleashes his anger in an impulsive display. In most such cases, the outburst is often disproportionate to the event that triggers it. People who are prone to Intermittent Explosive Disorder may benefit from the use of marijuana. In some people, marijuana can provide a calming effect and may prevent an emotional outburst from getting out of hand.
- Intractable Pain
When patients experience pain that seemingly does not respond to 3 or more doses of analgesics within a typical 12- to 24-hour period, the person is said to be suffering from intractable pain. There is usually no serious cause to this issue, although the pain can be very bothersome and distressing. For such patients, marijuana may be able to provide some relief if over-the-counter medications don’t work.
- Intractable Vomiting
Intractable vomiting is the term used in reference to a condition in which the person vomits repeatedly without responding to medical treatment. This can be caused by a number of different health issues, but the common aspect is that the condition does not seem to improve regardless of the medication or treatment option taken. Patients who suffer from intractable vomiting may be able to control the urge to vomit with the use of medical marijuana.
Lipomatosis is a condition characterized by the growth of cells of fat in the subcutaneous tissues. Also called “Familial Multiple Lipomatosis”, the condition causes these limpomas to grow together in groups. The condition is most commonly seen in the torso, arms, and neck, but they may appear on other parts of the body as well. Although most cases of lipomatosis are harmless, they can interfere with talking and swallowing of they develop in the throat.
Marijuana may be helpful to patients with lipomatosis, both as a post-surgery remedy or to help ease the pain of the condition.
- Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is an infectious condition caused by bacteria from the borrelia genus. Also called lyme borreliosis, the condition is caused by the borrelia burgdorferi sensu in the United States, while other forms of the bacteria are responsible for most cases in Europe. Lyme disease can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort to patients as the condition takes hold. For some patients, marijuana may provide relief from the pain and many of the other symptoms.
Lymphoma is the term used in reference to several types of blood-related cancers that primarily involve the lymphatic system. This complex system plays a significant role in delivering nutrients to the different cells all over the body. The lymphatic system also plays an important part in eliminating waste products and toxins. In people with lymphoma, the basic functions of this system is impaired, giving rise to a host of serious problems. People with lymphoma may experience the following symptoms: swelling in the lymph nodes, fever, loss of weight, itchy or irritated skin, fatigue, and back and abdominal pain.
Patients with lymphoma can get considerable relief by using medical marijuana. For patients that require radiation or chemotherapy, marijuana can help ease the side effects associated with such treatments.
- Major Depression
Also known as clinical depression, major depression is a type of depression in which the person’s life is affected significantly by the condition for an extended period. Medical science has yet to discover the actual cause of depression, although there are numerous triggers and mitigating factors. Most cases of depression are treated with a combination of therapy and medication, although some patients notice a marked improvement by using marijuana. It is important to note that depression is a complex issue, and not everyone will respond to treatments in the same way. Patients planning to use marijuana as a treatment for depression should therefore consult with a doctor beforehand, particularly if he is already undergoing treatment.
- Malignant Melanoma
Malignant melanoma is a condition characterized by the grouping of melanocytes or cells originating from melanocytes. Once a fairly rare condition, malignant melanoma has increased in number over the past several years. Most of the treatment procedures for malignant melanoma involve surgery, but patients in the advanced stages of the disease show marked improvement and relief from the symptoms.
Mania is a term that refers to an abnormal state of excitement. The common factor in all these episodes is an intense feeling or emotional, whether it is anger, irritation, or elation. Some doctors and medical professionals consider mania the opposite of depression. In patients with bipolar disorder, episodes of severe depression typically alternate with periods of mania.
Marijuana may be helpful for patients dealing with mania. While people suffering from depression may benefit from the mood-improving qualities of marijuana, people suffering from mania may conversely benefit from the calming effect of the herb. If approved by the doctor, marijuana may help the patient maintain an “even keel” between these two emotional extremes.
Melorheostosis is bone condition caused by cellular changes in the LEMD3 gene. The condition is relatively rare and cannot be passed down to succeeding generations, although the symptoms worsen over time. Its primary characteristic is a thickening of the bone of the cortex, which can be detected almost immediately after birth. The condition starts out benign, but begins to cause a number of painful and distressing symptoms as it progresses. Patients with melorheostosis may experience reduced mobility and range of movement due to abnormal bone development. They may also experience sensitivity to cold and hyperpigmentation, and they often have to deal with considerable pain. For patients suffering from melorheostosis, marijuana may help ease the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
- Meniere’s Disease
Meniere’s disease is a health condition that primarily affects the inner ear. People suffering from the condition may experience dizzy spells and sensations of spatial disorientation. They may also experience tinnitus, and eventually lose their hearing. Patients with Meniere’s disease may benefit from the judicious use of marijuana, which can help them manage the dizziness associated with the condition.
Migraines are recurring headaches that typically affect only one side of the head. The pain is often described as throbbing or stabbing,and it may even affect vision adversely. In especially severe cases, the patient may also experience nausea.
The exact reasons for migraines are unknown, which makes it difficult to prescribe a proper course of treatment. However, many patients have gotten favorable results by using marijuana in small amounts. For some patients, marijuana helps reduce the pain considerably and even controls nausea.
- Motion Sickness
Motion sickness refers to a variety of symptoms that occur in response to motion or movement, as in a car, a boat, or some other type of vehicle. People experiencing motion sickness may feel dizzy and disoriented, and have trouble maintaining balance. Nausea and vomiting are also common symptoms. Some patients may experience a calming effect by ingesting small amounts of marijuana. However, some people may not notice any improvement to their motion sickness, and some may even experience more severe symptoms.
- Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)
Mucopolysaccharidosis is a type of genetic metabolic disorder. It primarily affects the mucopolysaccharides, which is a form of complex carbohydrate that requires a certain enzyme so that the body can absorb it. If this enzyme is absent, the patient develops mucopolysaccharidosis. The most common symptoms of the condition are a roughening or coarsening of facial features, abnormal skeletal development, and enlargement of certain organs. The heart valves may also become damaged, and most patients have dwarfism, thick patches of skin, excessive hair all over the body, and frequent infections of the respiratory tract. Patients with mucopolysaccharidosis may experience considerable relief from the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disabling disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS: the brain and spinal cord) that results from disruption of the signaling systems that allow communication between your brain and the rest of your body. MS is considered to be a kind of autoimmune disease, because the damage to nerve cells that occurs is caused by your own immune system. Immune-system cells invade the CNS and cause the destruction of myelin; the substance that covers nerve fibers and enables messages to travel from one end to the other. Damage to and loss of myelin (and the cells that produce myelin), combined with the inflammation associated with nerve damage, lead to disruption in signaling and ultimately, the collapse of the basis for the coordinated actions of bodily systems.
The symptoms of MS vary widely because different nerve pathways are affected in different people, and nerve function can be affected to different degrees. Some people suffer from chronic and progressive manifestations of symptoms whereas others may experience relatively long periods of relief. Yet despite all of the reasons for possible differences, most MS patients share the common experience of dealing with issues related to movement: fatigue, muscle numbness, tingling, weakness, spasticity, tremors, paralysis and pain. Many MS patients also suffer from problems with sleep, vision, thermoregulation, and bladder, bowel and sexual function.
Cannabis and Multiple Sclerosis
Studies on the effects of cannabis on Multiple Sclerosis symptoms are not extensive and do not address many of the issues faced by MS patients, but a few findings are well supported: Cannabis is associated with a reduction in pain and sleep disturbances, offers relief of muscle and bladder dysfunction, and likely provides “neuroprotection” and so should slow the progression of the disease. Unfortunately, the trade-off is an increase in the reduction in cognitive functioning associated with MS.
Published studies differ in the methods used (e.g. the number of people involved, THC and CBD dosages, and whether the cannabis was administered via an oral spray or a smoked joint), and also in the indices of change (e.g. patient perception of pain or sleep disturbance, actual diaries of symptom occurrence, and clinical or experimental studies), yet all meet the rigorous criteria of scientific publication. Despite differences in study details, it has been shown repeatedly (e.g., 1, 3, 7, 8) that cannabis is effective in reducing neuropathic pain, and has the ability to reduce muscle spasticity (e.g., 1,2,3, 9) and sleep disturbance (e.g., 1, 8).
For patients with MS, cannabis has also been shown to reduce muscle stiffness (10), urinary urgency (1), and episodes of incontinence (1, 4), but is also associated with a reduction in daily total voided (1). Regarding the potential neuroprotective benefits of cannabis, studies suggest that it may be possible to slow the destruction of nerve fibers, and thus clinical progression of the disease (6 [synthetic cannabidiol, in mice], 7).
As above, there is a potential downside to the use of cannabis to treat MS symptoms. Although most patients experienced few adverse short-term, identifiable effects (some reported dizziness, dry mouth and sleepiness, in addition to intoxication), longer-term negative effects on cognitive function have been demonstrated. Of patients with MS, those who used cannabis performed more poorly than non-users in measures of information-processing speed (3, 5), working memory, executive functions, and visuospatial perception (5).
Going the Cannabis Route
Thinking of trying using cannabis for Multiple Sclerosis? First, there are legality issues to consider. Cannabis possession and use remains illegal under federal law, which means you cannot take it from one state to another. Within states, however, the situation is different, and each state has its own guidelines and laws. Some states make nuanced distinctions between products and uses and permissibility, and it would be a good idea to familiarize yourself with the details of your state’s policies.
- Brady, CM, R DasGupta, C Dalton, OJ Wiseman, KJ Berkley, and CJ Fowler. 2004. An open-label pilot study of cannabis-based extracts for bladder dysfunction in advanced multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal. https://doi.org/10.1191/1352458504ms1063oa
- Collin, C, P Davies, and IK Mutiboko. 2007. Randomized controlled trial of cannabis‐based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis. European J of Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1331.2006.01639.x
- Jody Corey-Bloom, Tanya Wolfson, Anthony Gamst, Shelia Jin, Thomas D. Marcotte, Heather Bentley and Ben Gouaux. 2012. Smoked cannabis for spasticity in multiple sclerosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. European Journal of Neurology. 184 (10) 1143-1150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.110837
- Freeman, RM, O. Adekanmi, MR Waterfield, AE Waterfield,, D Wright, and J Zajicek. 2006. The effect of cannabis on urge incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis: a multicentre, randomised placebo-controlled trial (CAMS-LUTS). International Urogynecology Journal. Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 636–641. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00192-006-0086-x
- Honarmand, K, MC Tierney, P O’Connor, and A Feinstein. 2011. Effects of cannabis on cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis. Neurology 76 (13). https://n.neurology.org/content/76/13/1153.short
- Pryce, G, DR Riddall, DL Selwood, G Giovannoni, and D Baker. 2015. Neuroprotection in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis and Progressive Multiple Sclerosis by Cannabis-Based Cannabinoids. Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
June 2015, Volume 10, Issue 2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11481-014-9575-8
- Pryce, G, and D Baker. 2012. Potential Control of Multiple Sclerosis by Cannabis and the Endocannabinoid System. CNS & Neurological Disorders), Volume 11, Number 5. https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ben/cnsnddt/2012/00000011/00000005/art00014
- Rog, DJ, TJ Nurmikko, T Friede, and CA Young. 2005. Randomized, controlled trial of cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis. Neurology September 27; 65 (6). https://n.neurology.org/content/65/6/812.short
- Wade, DT, P Makela, and P Robson, H House, C Bateman. 2004. Do cannabis-based medicinal extracts have general or specific effects on symptoms in multiple sclerosis? A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study on 160 patients. Multiple Sclerosis Journal
Vol 10, Issue 4, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1191/1352458504ms1082oa
- Zajicek, JP, JC Hobart, A Slade, D Barnes, and PG Mattison. 2012. Multiple Sclerosis and Extract of Cannabis: results of the MUSEC trial. J of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 83:1125–1132. https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/83/11/1125.short
- Muscle Spasms
Muscle spasms involve involuntary movements made suddenly by muscles and even certain body organs.The heart, for instance, is known to undergo involuntary contractions from time to time. When this happens, there is usually a bit of pain that accompanies the movement.
Frequent heart spasms should definitely be brought to the attention of a doctor. However, most other cases of muscle spasms may benefit from judicious use of marijuana. For some patients, marijuana may reduce the severity of the condition and even prevent them entirely.
- Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy is the term used to refer to over 30 different congenital conditions, all of which may result in muscle tissue depletion and muscular atrophy. The condition is also known to worsen over time, as each individual condition progresses interminably. Most treatment options for muscular dystrophy involve reducing discomfort and improving the quality of life as much as possible.
Patients with muscular dystrophy may benefit from the pain management properties of marijuana. If approved for use by a doctor, marijuana may help improve the patient’s quality of life significantly.
- Myeloid Leukemia
Myeloid leukemia is a type of cancer that primarily affects the myeloid blood cells. In patients with this condition, white blood cells increase at extraordinary rates and work their way to the bone marrow. This impairs the body’s ability to produce normal blood cells. Although a relatively rare condition, myeloid leukemia is responsible for more than 1.2 % of all cancer-related deaths in the U.S. every year.
Myeloid leukemia patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy may benefit from marijuana use in moderate amounts. With the help of marijuana, patients will be better able to tolerate the effects of treatment.
- Nail-Patella Syndrome
Nail-patella syndrome is a condition that primarily manifests itself in underdeveloped nails and kneecaps. Also called “hood syndrome”, the condition often affects other parts of the body as well. Patients suffering from Nail-patella syndrome may derive some relief from the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.
Nightmares are simply dreams that bring about feelings of anxiety, dread, or fear. They can affect anyone of any age regardless of gender or ethnic background. They can be short, repeating episodes or a long and complex sequence of events. In most cases, nightmares seem very real to the patient, even a few seconds after waking up. The actual causes of nightmares can be difficult to determine, and they tend to be different for different people. Some people experience nightmares after taking certain foods, spices, or medications. Still others experience nightmares after going to sleep exhausted. For some patients, marijuana may be effective at reducing the severity and frequency of nightmares by bringing about a more relaxed state prior to falling asleep.
Obesity refers to a condition wherein the amount of accumulated body fat has begun to affect the patient’s health adversely. One of the most preventable causes of death in the world, obesity can result in a number of health problems and greatly reduce the person’s life expectancy. Obese people are especially at risk for cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, type-2 diabetes, apnea, and certain forms of cancer.
Studies show that people who smoke marijuana tend to be healthier and weigh less than their non-smoking counterparts. They are also less likely to be obese. For people that are trying to control their weight, marijuana might just be an effective solution.
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive compulsive disorder is one of many different forms of anxiety-related disorders. Patients with this condition tend to experience recurring and persistent thoughts, feelings, and actions that they have little to no control over. These mannerisms may also include phobias, sensations, and even images, ranging from trivial and insignificant to dangerously obsessive. Many people with obsessive compulsive disorder tend to perform strict and elaborate rituals in respiratory to or to prevent an unpleasant experience. Such patients can benefit considerably from the moderate use of marijuana, if it is approved by a doctor beforehand.
- Opiate Dependence
Opiate dependence is a particularly serious type of drug addiction, simply because of the damage that such substances can cause. Opiates such as morphine and heroin remain a significant threat, but they are rapidly losing more victims to the newer breed of opiate-based drugs such as oxycontin. Highly addictive and causing severe physical damage, these drugs are responsible for thousands of deaths all over the United States daily.
Marijuana is not only a more feasible alternative to opiate-based drugs, but it can be beneficial during the recovery and treatment process as well. Far from being a gateway drug, marijuana has actually been found to be an effective deterrent to hard drug use in certain communities.
Osteoarthritis is a condition that is also known by the name degenerative arthritis. A progressive disease that first damages and then destroys cartilage in the joints, osteoarthritis is a painful condition that will eventually impair movement and make even day-to-day tasks difficult.
Patients suffering from osteoarthritis may benefit from regular use of marijuana in small doses. With the ability to control pain and possibly even reduce inflammation, marijuana might be an effective osteoarthritis treatment remedy.
- Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is a type of anxiety-related condition that affects millions of people all over the world. It can occur in anyone of any age, but it most often occurs during the early adult period. The condition is primarily characterized by intense feelings of fear, dread, and/or anxiety. During a panic episode, the person may experience an increased heart rate, nausea, disorientation, and hyperventilation.
When taken with the approval of a doctor, marijuana may help patients deal with the most distressing symptoms of panic disorder. With judicious use of marijuana, the patient may be able to manage the feelings of anxiety more effectively.
- Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s Disease (PD) results when nerve cells of a particular type, concentrated in certain areas of our brains, begin and continue to malfunction and die. The “job” of the affected nerve cells is to produce chemicals called neurotransmitters (including dopamine and norepinephrine) that function in communicating information from one nerve cell to the next. As nerve cells lose the ability to transmit information across cells, tissues, organs and organ systems, those systems begin and continue to fail. We still don’t know the reasons for why the degeneration and death of those nerve cells begins and progresses.
The symptoms experienced, and the rate of disease progression, differ among people, yet many of the symptoms of Parkinson’s are associated with movement (a type of bodily function requiring the coordinated action of lots of different cells). Such symptoms often include tremor, slowed movement (bradykinesia), muscle rigidity, postural instability and trouble speaking. There are many “non-motor” symptoms experienced by people with Parkinson’s too; the most common include trouble sleeping, difficulty chewing and swallowing, loss of sense of smell, urinary and digestive tract problems, fatigue, pain, and issues with cognitive function, depression and anxiety. At the moment there is no cure for Parkinson’s; those with the disease are often put on medications that affect pathways involving the neurotransmitters in question, especially the medication “L-dopa” (levodopa; used by nerve cells to help make dopamine). Other medications help with non-motor symptoms and the side effects of L-dopa. Unfortunately, use of L-dopa for more than 5-10 years can result in irreversible dyskinesia (uncontrolled involuntary movement).
Cannabis and Parkinson’s Disease
Research on the possible therapeutic benefits of Cannabis for those with Parkinson’s is still in its infancy, and most of the few studies suffer from small sample sizes and non-rigorous methodologies. It is the case, though, that almost all authors end their published papers with calls for more, larger, controlled studies, because early results suggest that some motor symptoms of Parkinson’s, and L-dopa-induced dyskinesia, may be positively affected by Cannabis therapies.
In studies based on surveys – where (small numbers of, and mostly male) Parkinson’s patients answered questions and provided descriptions but were not measured in any way – subjects medicating themselves with Cannabis (in most cases through smoking rolled flower cigarettes) reported improvement regarding falls, pain, depression, and muscle stiffness1, bradykinesia and dyskinesia9, and tremor1,9. Cannabis use was also associated with improvements in mood, memory, fatigue, and obesity status7. In these studies, the most commonly reported adverse effects of Cannabis use were coughing for those smoking cigarettes (35% of subjects1), and hallucinations and confusion (17% for each1).
In one clinical study, 22 patients smoked marijuana cigarettes and 30 minutes later, they experienced significant improvement on multiple rating scales, specifically regarding tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia8. These patients also enjoyed improved sleep and pain scores, and reported no adverse effects8.
In the lab, the phytocannabinoid ∆9-THC (an antioxidant) has been shown to have direct neuroprotective effects on the injured nerve cells of Parkinson’s patients (increasing their survivorship2,5). In addition, injection of ∆9-THC reduced muscle inhibition in compromised rats5, and so ∆9-THC looks to be a promising therapy for delaying neurodegeneration and alleviating some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s5.
Also in the lab, nabilone (a synthetic cannabinoid) lengthened the time over which L-dopa was active while also significantly alleviating levodopa-induced dyskinesia (in a marmoset “model;”4).
Another phytocannabinoid, CBD, has also been shown to provide relief for some Parkinson’s symptoms. As a treatment for psychosis, four men and two women (given adjusted dosages for four weeks) experienced improvement in rating scales (Psychiatric and Parkinson’s), with no adverse effects10. As a treatment for rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), four patients experienced “prompt and substantial” improvement in sleep as the frequency of RBD-related disturbances declined (no side effects3). In another study, although there were no significant neuroprotective or motor-symptom effects, on average, the seven patients given the higher of two CBD dosages reported significant improvement in well-being and quality of life6.
1. Medical Cannabis in Parkinson Disease: Real-Life Patients’ Experience
2. Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9‐THC) exerts a direct neuroprotective effect in a human cell culture model of Parkinson’s disease
— Neuropathy and Applied Neurobiology
3. Cannabidiol can improve complex sleep‐related behaviours associated with rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in Parkinson’s disease patients: a case series
— Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
4. Stimulation of cannabinoid receptors reduces levodopa‐induced dyskinesia in the MPTP‐lesioned nonhuman primate model of Parkinson’s disease
5. Symptom‐relieving and neuroprotective effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9‐THCV in animal models of Parkinson’s disease
— British Journal of Pharmacology
6. Effects of cannabidiol in the treatment of patients with Parkinson’s disease: An exploratory double-blind trial
— Journal of Psychopharmacology
7. Cannabis use in people with Parkinson’s disease and Multiple Sclerosis: A web-based investigation
— Complementary Therapies in Medicine
8. Cannabis (Medical Marijuana) Treatment for Motor and Non–Motor Symptoms of Parkinson Disease: An Open-Label Observational Study
— Clinical Neurobiology
9. Survey on cannabis use in Parkinson’s disease: Subjective improvement of motor symptoms
10. Cannabidiol for the treatment of psychosis in Parkinson’s disease
— Journal of Psychopharmacology
- Peripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy is a condition that affects the peripheral nervous system’s ability to transmit sensory information from the various parts of the body to the brain and back. This system is responsible for transmitting many of the body’s signals for pain, danger, and environmental conditions, warning us of impending danger or a persistent threat. When this system is damaged, the condition is known as peripheral neuropathy.
Peripheral neuropathy may be caused by several factors including tumors, autoimmune disorders, genetic factors, alcoholism, and more. People with peripheral neuropathy may also be unable to digest food properly, and experience pain, tingling, and overall weakness. In more advanced cases, the patient may loss muscle mass, experience organ failure, and even become paralyzed.
Marijuana my able beneficial for helping peripheral neuropathy patients deal with the pain of the condition, in some cases, marijuana may also help improve the patient’s state-of-mind and provide a more positive outlook.
- Peritoneal Pain
Peritoneal pain occurs when the peritoneum – which is the thin tissue lining the abdominal walls – becomes inflamed.Peritonitis itself may be local or general, and usually start off as an infection, either due to appendicitis or some other health issue. Peritonitis can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort, and there is a risk that the infection may spread to other parts of the body.
Patients suffering from peritoneal pain may gain considerable relief by using marijuana. In small amounts, marijuana may effectively help patients deal with the symptoms of peritoneal pain.
- Persistent Insomnia
Persistent insomnia is the overall term for sleep difficulties that occur several nights in succession. In some people, the condition can occur every night for a month, while others experience difficulty sleeping every few nights. Patients who have this condition may not only have difficulty sleeping, but may have difficulty staying asleep and/or going back to sleep after being awoken as well. Left untreated, persistent insomnia can eventually take a serious toll on the person’s life, and day-to-day functions.
Some patients may be able to get some relief from persistent insomnia with regular use of marijuana.
The term “porphyria” refers to a group of eight distinct disorders characterized by the accumulation of porphyrins or porphyrin precursors in the body. Apart from this constant, each of these conditions has its own unique characteristics. The condition is typically passed down from generation to generation, and it tends to affect the skin and nervous system primarily. Some of the more severe symptoms include pain in the abdomen, nausea, constipation, weakness, and diarrhea. Patients with porphyria are also more prone to insomnia and anxiety attacks.
Porphyria currently has no known cure. This is why most treatment options involve managing the condition’s symptoms rather than providing a cure. If you are suffering from porphyria, a doctor may be able to prescribe medical marijuana to help deal with the symptoms associated with the disorder.
- Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)
Although polio has largely been eliminated in the United States and many other countries around the world, Post Polio Syndrome, or PPS, remains a threat to those exposed to the virus. In fact, Post Polio Syndrome can be every bit as distressing as polio, as the symptoms can return many years later, with equal severity as the original attack. The symptoms of Post Polio Syndrome tend to appear slowly and then recede. Eventually however, the person may suffer the same symptoms experienced by patients diagnosed with polio including weakening in the muscles and joints, overall fatigue, sleep related disorders, and difficulty breathing and/or swallowing. For patients with Post Polio Syndrome, marijuana may be a highly effective pain remedy and it can ease many of the condition’s other symptoms besides.
- Post-traumatic arthritis
Post-traumatic arthritis is a condition that occurs in the aftermath of an injury such as a fracture or dislocation. It may also occur after the patient has undergone certain surgical procedures. A type of osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis, post-traumatic arthritis can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. For some patients, it may be possible to get relief with a regular regimen of medical marijuana. With the use of the herb, the symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis may be much easier to manage.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is the overall term for several anxiety related reactions that occur after the patient is exposed to an event that causedpsychological trauma. The condition is especially common among military personnel who have recently gone through active duty, and even people who experience accidents or violent attacks. Most such patients become fixated on the original event, and have no control over reliving it over and over.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a complex condition that requires extensive medical evaluation and treatment. If the doctor approves it however, medical marijuana may be used to reduce stress and anxiety among PTSD patients.
- Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is the term for several physical and emotional reactions and conditions that occur in the days leading up to the period. It is thought that the condition results from hormonal imbalances that occur during the period. Premenstrual syndrome may cause the following symptoms in patients: headaches, nausea, fatigue, sleepiness, and inability to concentrate. In addition, women may also experience violent outbursts, extreme mood shifts, and even fits of anger.
Marijuana may help women with premenstrual syndrome deal with the symptoms of the condition. For dealing with the pain and discomfort, marijuana might just be a safer alternative to officially-approved medications.
- Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer occurs when the cells located in the prostate gland grow excessively. The condition often goes on undetected until it has progressed to an advanced stage, with most patients experiencing no symptoms. In patients that do exhibit symptoms of prostate cancer – among them inability to urinate, excessive or painful urination, lower back pain – they are often mistakable for other conditions. Like all cancers, one of the main risks of prostate cancer is the possibility that the cancer cells will spread throughout the body.
In patients with prostate cancer, the nausea, pain, and discomfort caused by chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be eased considerably with medical marijuana. Marijuana may also help restore the patient’s appetite.
Prostatitis refers to a condition in which the prostate gland becomes enlarged and/or inflamed. It can be caused by a number of factors, but bacterial infection is the most common reason by far. Patients with prostatitis may experience pain and difficulty during urination, and they may feel pain and/or discomfort in nearby areas as well. They may also experience flu-like symptoms.
For patients with prostatitis, pain relief can come in the form of medical marijuana. Providing quick and effective relief against the pain and discomfort symptoms of prostatitis, marijuana might also be a feasible alternative to clinical solutions due to its supposed ability to reduce inflammation.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune system related condition that primarily affects the skin. Most people who have psoriasis will have to be resigned to living with the condition for the rest of their lives, since there is currently no known cure for it. Psoriasis occurs when the immune system mistakenly considers healthy skin cells as foreign invaders.The autoimmune system then sets about protecting the body from these “invaders”, causing the over production of skin in the area.
Some people believe that psoriasis patients may get relief from the itchiness and discomfort of the condition with judicious use of marijuana. As with most autoimmune system diseases, marijuana use can be beneficial during the recovery period as well.
- Pulmonary Fibrosis
Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive condition that causes the thickening, scarring, and stiffening of the lung tissue over time. When this happens, the ability of the lungs to provide oxygen to the rest of the body – and to rid the body of carbon monoxide – is severely impaired. The condition is typically caused by some other illness or infection, and it produces a number of distressing symptoms such as loss of weight, pain in the chest, dry cough, painful muscles and/or joints, fatigue and general weakness, and shortness of breath during exertion. With a physician’s approval, medical marijuana may be incorporated into the treatment program, providing relief from the pain symptoms.
Quadriplegia – or tetraplegia, as it is sometimes known – is a type of paralysis that occurs as a result of illness or an injury to a specific area of the body. This condition causes the partial or total loss of the limb’s use. Most cases of quadriplegia result in the loss of control over the limb as well as the loss of sensation. Quadriplegia is commonly caused by an injury to the spinal cord or to the brain.
Marijuana may be able to help quadriplegia patients deal with the pain and discomfort associated with the condition. For cases wherein the paralysis is permanent, marijuana may help improve the patient’s quality of life considerably.
- Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy involves the use of x-rays or radionuclides in the treatment of certain types of cancers and other serious health conditions. However, this highly effective treatment procedure is also a risky one, and it can cause a number of distressing side effects, some of which are almost as bad as the symptoms of the condition that it is trying to treat. Patients undergoing radiation therapy can expect to experience one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, rashes, scarring, permanent pigmentation, appetite loss, diarrhea, tissue inflammation, organ damage, and loss of white blood cells. For the pain associated with radiation therapy, marijuana may prove to be beneficial. Marijuana may also help quell the nausea that often results from treatment.
- Raynaud’s Disease
Raynaud’s disease is a rare condition that primarily affects the blood vessels. It usually starts out from the fingers and the toes, and one of its primary characteristics is the narrowing of the blood vessels in response to cold or stress. The affected area then exhibits a loss of blood in the surface of the skin, which becomes red and sensitive later on as the blood flow is restored.
Because of marijuana’s anti-inflammatory properties, it may be a useful treatment remedy for Raynaud’s disease. The herb may dilate the small blood vessels in the hand, thereby enhancing circulation. Marijuana can also ease the pain and stiffness resulting from the condition.
- Reiter’s Syndrome
The term “Reiter’s syndrome” refers to several disorders that primarily cause inflammation in the joints. These conditions are also known collectively as “reactive arthritis”, which reflects their tendency to occur in response to an infection on another part of the body.In addition to pain in the joints, Reiter’s syndrome can also cause fever, loss of weight, pain in the lower back, and even eye and skin infections.
Reiter’s syndrome is often treated with a combination of medications and maintenance. Judicious use of marijuana may help make the condition a lot easier to bear for children.
- Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
Restless legs syndrome is also known as RLS, Wittmaack-Ekbom’s syndrome and Willis–Ekbom disease. It is a medical condition primarily characterized by a tingling or restless feeling in the legs, arms, torso or other parts of the body. Although it can occur in virtually any limb or extremity, Restless legs syndrome is most commonly observed in the legs. The condition constantly compels the patient to twist, bend, or move the affected limb in order to avoid pain and discomfort.
Patients suffering from Wittmaack-Ekbom’s syndrome typically have to keep the affected area in motion in order to get some relief from the uneasiness or stress. The condition can cause inability to sleep in the patient, and it can often have a severely detrimental effect on the patient’s quality of life. Treatment methods for Wittmaack-Ekbom’s syndrome typically involve physical therapy and medication, although considerable promise has been shown by the use of marijuana as part of the treatment process, which may be helpful in reducing the stress that is so often associated with the condition.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis – or RA – is an autoimmune condition that results in chronic joint inflammation.The condition can also result in the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the joints. Marijuana can ease many of the pain and discomfort issues resulting from rheumatoid arthritis.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammation-based skin condition that mostly affects adults. The condition typically causes the face to redden, and later develop a number of small, red bumps that may be filled with pus. If the rosacea is left untreated, the condition can gradually become worse.
Marijuana use can help reduce the pain associated with rosacea. Marijuana is also thought to have anti-inflammatory properties, which makes it beneficial for use in rosacea treatment.
- Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizoaffective disorder is a mental condition in which the patient typically exhibits depressive and manic symptoms, along with periods marked by hallucination, delusion, and abnormal speech and behavior. Like most mental health conditions, schizoaffective disorder requires extensive treatment from a medical doctor. Patients in this condition may benefit from the use of moderate amounts of marijuana as a means to control many of the urges surrounding the condition. Of course, the use of marijuana will first have to be approved by a doctor.
Schizophrenia is a complex mental condition that has a number of symptoms and characteristics. The primary characteristics of the condition are emotional distress and a disruption in most common thought processes. Schizophrenia can extract quite a severe toll on the patient, and his family, social, and professional life can be at risk.The condition is often accompanied by feelings of paranoia and persecution, and the patient may believe that he is the subject of a complex plot to get him.
As with all mental disorders, marijuana may be beneficial when used as part of a comprehensive treatment program. However, not all schizophrenic patients will react to marijuana the same way, so its use should only be subject to a doctor’s approval.
Scoliosis is a medical condition that primarily affects the spine. The main characteristic of the condition is that it causes the spine to take on a curved appearance whenviewed straight on from the back. This abnormal development of the spine can cause a number of health issues and symptoms such as uneven leg length, under developedmuscles on one side of the spine, and impaired nerve function.
Medical marijuana may be a useful treatment solution for people recovering from corrective surgery for scoliosis. Marijuana use may also help ease the pain associated with scoliosis.
- Sedative Dependence
Sedative dependence is one of the biggest drug dependence related problems in the world today. In countries such as the United States, sedative dependence extracts a hefty toll on the healthcare system, both in terms of lost work and the costs of medical care associated with accidents and drug overdoses. Patients addicted to sedatives may experience symptoms such as tachycardia, high blood pressure, sweating, nausea, and insomnia. Marijuana may actually be a more favorable alternative to sedates, providing many of the same benefits without the side effects. Marijuana can also be helpful in terms of speeding up the recovery process after quitting sedative use.
Seizures are physical and mental episodes in which abnormal brain functions cause a noticeable change in the person’s immediate behavior. This is often caused by electrical signals that occur randomly and affect the brain. Seizures can be caused by a number of serious illnesses, or they may be triggered by the use of a powerful narcotic. For some people, seizures are a normal part of living with such as serious health condition.
Any health condition in which seizures are to be expected should be brought to the attention of a doctor for proper medical treatment. However, the doctor may decide that marijuana can be beneficial for controlling the severity of seizures and how frequently they occur.
- Senile Dementia
The term “senile dementia” refers to the loss of cognitive and intellectual functions, which is most often progressive in nature. In most patients, this condition occurswithout them being aware of what is happening. Patients experiencing senile dementia may exhibit signs of disorientation, inability to retain memory, poor judgment, and impaired mental function.
Senile dementia is often a chronic condition for which there is no cure. Nevertheless, medical marijuana may be beneficial for reducing the pains of such patients and helping improve their quality of life.
- Severe Nausea
Nausea is the sensation of having to vomit. There are several reasons why people experience nausea. It can be the result of an illness for one thing, or it can be a reaction to the immediate invasive. Nausea can also occur due to heat exhaustion, fever, hunger, or an irritation in the throat. Still other causes of nausea are alcohol or drug intoxication, ulcers, dizziness, and food poisoning.
Cases of nausea should never be ignored, and they should be brought to the attention of a doctor as soon as possible. For many patients, even just a little bit of marijuana can work wonders in terms of controlling nausea and easing the urge to vomit.
- Severe Pain
Severe pain can be the direct result of an accident, injury, or illness, or it may be an indicator of a previously unknown problem. While some instances of pain may be the body’s means of protecting you from further danger – as when feeling the pain from a fire, for instance – others may indicate the need for medical attention. In any case, pain is an important part of disease or injury diagnosis and detection.
Pain has traditionally been dealt with by the use of painkillers and analgesics. Most over-the-counter medications of these kinds are generally safe and have been used for many generations. However, there are many reasons why marijuana might just be a better solution for pain relief. With its effectiveness and low risk of side effects, marijuana is fast becoming one of the most effective pain relief medications around.
- Severe Vomiting
Severe vomiting refers to episodes of nausea and vomiting that last for several hours. In more extreme cases, the patient may even continuously vomit for a period of several days. Although many such cases can be attributed to a specific health concern, many instances occur for no apparent reason. For such patients, marijuana may be beneficial for controlling the worse of the nausea and preventing any more vomiting spells.
- Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Shingles is characterized as a painful rash that occurs as a result of an infection by the varicella-zoster virus. This is the same virus that is responsible for chickenpox. Shingles first start out with a slight tingling or burning sensation, which can last for a few days before the first sign of the rash appears. Shingles may also cause symptoms such as pain in the abdomen, chills, stiffening of the facial muscles, headaches, impaired hearing, pain in the joints, and swollen glands. For many of these symptoms that don’t require immediate medical attention, marijuana may be beneficial. Marijuana can be especially useful for easing the discomfort associated with shingles.
The term “sinusitis” refers to the inflammation of the sinuses, which occurs as the body’s response to infection.This infection may be caused by fungal, viral or bacterial exposure, although it may occur in response to an allergy as well. Sinusitis is actually fairly easy to detect, and it can easily bediagnosed by the characteristic symptoms: runny nose, coughing, sneezing, and headaches. In some people, the condition can also result in fever. Most treatment methods for sinusitis involve managing the symptoms as opposed to actually treating the condition. Patients may benefit from the pain relieving properties of marijuana, but the potential irritation from the smoke may warrant another means of ingestion other than smoking.
- Skeletal Muscular Spasticity
Muscle spasticity is a type of neurological condition in which the patient experiences stiffness in the muscles and an inability to stretch them. The condition mostly affects the skeletal muscles, and it often accompanies conditions such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and other conditions that affect the brain or nervous system. Skeletal muscular spasticity can cause muscular spasms, muscle pain, limited mobility, and even disability. In recent years, marijuana has been proposed as an effective treatment solution for skeletal muscular spasticity, due to its ability to relax the muscles and reduce pain.
- Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a condition in which the patient’s ability to breathe during sleep is impaired by structural defects in the soft tissues of the moth and throat. People with sleep apnea actually stop breathing several times during the night, and this can significantly affect overall health. Over the past several years, marijuana has been proposed as an effective treatment solution for sleep apnea due to its ability to relax muscles and encourage more restful sleep.
- Sleep Disorders
There are actually many different types of sleep disorders, each with its own unique symptoms and characteristics. The term itself is used in reference to any condition that interferes or otherwise affects the person’s ability to get restful sleep. Some of the most common sleep disorders are insomnia, night terrors, and bruxism. Although few sleep disorders are dangerous to health, they may hint at a much more serious problem and they can affect life adversely if left untreated. Marijuana has proven to be one of the most effective sleep aids around, and it has the benefit of having none of the side effects commonly associated with sleep medications.
“Spasticity” refers to a medical condition in which the muscles exhibit unusual stiffness or an unusual change in appearance. The most common cause of this condition is nerve damage, which results in the loss of motor control over the particular muscle. It is often an accompanying symptom of conditions such as cerebral palsy or stroke.
Marijuana has shown promise as an effective treatment for spasticity. With its relaxing effect and ability to reduce pain, marijuana may be an essential part of an overall treatment program.
- Spinal cord nervous tissue damage
Spinal cord nervous tissue damage refers to a condition wherein damage to the nervous tissue in the spine has occurred. When this happens, the patient may experience severe pain and discomfort, and many of the normal functions may be impaired.
Marijuana may help reduce the pain of spinal cord nervous tissue damage. It may also help reduce inflammation, so that any incidences will heal faster.
- Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a disorder that results primarily from spinal disk degeneration. The condition can be caused by many factors, including aging, injury, trauma, or another health condition. Since the spine cannot be repaired, spinal stenosis is unfortunately a non-treatable condition.Most treatment methods for spinal stenosis therefore revolve around managing the symptoms of the disease and making the patient’s life more rewarding.
Marijuana can greatly ease the pain associated with spinal stenosis. With judicious use of medical marijuana, the patient may enjoy a better quality of life.
- Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
Sturge-Weber syndrome, or SWS, is a fairly rare skin condition that has its roots in neurological factors. A congenital disease, Sturge-Weber syndrome is characterized by the development of malformations that grow near the eyes, the skin, and the central nervous system. Marijuana has been known to ease the discomfort associated with this condition, and it can greatly improve the patient’s day-to-day life.
Stuttering is the term used to refer to various deficiencies and actions that make up a speech disorder. In some patients, stuttering is limited to repeating a single syllable, although more severe cases involve repeating entire words. One of the worse things about stuttering is that it tends to feed on itself. If the person is afraid of being embarrassed and is stressing over having to speak out loud in public, there is a good chance that the stress will make the stuttering worse.
Marijuana has shown surprising promise as a stuttering remedy. Marijuana tends to relax the muscles and encourages a healthy flow of blood, so it is well worth considering as an effective stuttering remedy.
- Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)
Tardive dyskinesia, or TD, is a neurological movement condition that is very similar to Parkinson’s Disease and Tourette’s Syndrome. Its primary symptoms are repetitive movements that mainly affect the face and the limbs.The condition itself can be caused by many factors, but it is most often the result of a severe adverse reaction to medications such as Haloperidol, Fluphenazine, Flunarizine, and Reglan. Even when the use of these medications is stopped, the tardive dyskinesia condition itself may be permanent.
Marijuana can be effective for dealing with the symptoms of tardive dyskinesia. With its muscle relaxing properties, marijuana might just be a helpful remedy for tardive dyskinesia treatment.
- Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint disorder is a condition that primarily affects the temporomandibular joint. This is the part of the body where the mandible is joined to the skull’s temporal bone. The term actually refers to the many disorders that involve this specific area. One of the most common symptoms of these conditions is a sharp pain in the affected area. The problem itself may cause difficulty or pain while chewing, yawning, or even talking. For dealing with the pain and discomfort, doctors may recommend the use of medical marijuana. This can be especially useful during the post-op recovery process.
Tenosynovitis is a type of inflammatory condition that primarily affects the external lining of the tendons.Although the condition can theoretically affect any tendon in the body, tenosynovitis most often affects the joints of the feet and the hands. Its most common cause is injury to the area, although it may also be caused by an infection. Among the most common symptoms of tenosynovitis are pain and swelling at the site of the injury, and fever and redness at the site of the infection.
Because of marijuana’s ability to reduce pain and control inflammation, it has become one of the most promising treatment remedies for tenosynovitis. With judicious use of marijuana, the pain associated with tenosynovitis can be managed more easily.
- Tension Headaches
Tension headaches are among the most common forms of headaches. Unlike migraine headaches, these headaches tend to be only mildly to moderately painful. Instead of the stabbing or throbbing pain associated with migraines, tension headaches are more commonly described as a feeling of tightness or pressure. More than just the head, this condition affects the neck and facial muscles as well. Although these conditions are fairly common, the exact causes remain something of a mystery. As with most types of headaches, people with tension headaches may be able to get some relief from the pain with the use of marijuana.
- Terminal Illness
The term “terminal illness” refers to a health condition in which the most likely outcome is death. Such illnesses are considered untreatable, and any procedure undertaken will not be able to extend lifespan to a considerable degree. There are actually many illnesses that fall under this category, and they all vary in terms of symptoms and conditions. What many of these conditions have in common is that they involve pain, reduced function, and limited mobility. Still other conditions are characterized by loss of appetite, inability to sleep, discomfort, and many other symptoms.
Marijuana can be especially useful for people who are battling a terminal illness. It can be an effective appetite stimulant and pain relief medication, and it can help improve the patient’s outlook. At the very least, marijuana can help improve the patient’s quality of life during the few days that he has left.
- Testicular cancer
Testicular cancer is a fairly common type of cancer, but the good news is that it is one of the most treatable forms of the disease. If detected early enough, testicular cancer has a high survivability rate. The condition is typically characterized by the following symptoms: a lump, pain, discomfort, or swelling in the testicles, a heavy feeling in the testicular area, lower back pain.
Marijuana can reduce much of the discomfort associated with testicular cancer. It can also help reduce the nausea associated with chemo and radiation therapy.
Thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition that primarily affects the thyroid gland. Because of the many different causes of the condition, there are several treatment methods to consider as well. Some cases of thyroiditis are relatively minor and can be treated easily, while others may be rife with complications and require longer and more intensive treatment. Some of the most common symptoms of thyroiditis are pain and swelling in and around the thyroid gland, and pain that reaches up to the ears and to the mouth. The patient may also experience hypothyroidism even years after the initial diagnosis of thyroiditis is made.
Marijuana can be especially useful for dealing with the effects of thyroiditis. With its ability to reduce pain and discomfort, marijuana could be a useful solution to thyroiditis treatment.
- Tic Douloureux
Tic Douloureux is a nerve disorder that is also known as trigeminal neuralgia. The condition primarily affects the nerves of the face, and it may be a single, independent condition, or it may be connected to other health conditions such as multiple sclerosis, for example. Tic douloureux can affect anyone regardless of age, but it is more common in older people. The one constant and predictable characteristic of tic douloureux is a pain in the face, which many patients liken to an electric shock.
The intense pain caused by tic douloureux makes it a likely candidate for marijuana treatment. Although some other forms of treatment are likely necessary, marijuana may help considerably in terms of reducing the pain and discomfort of the disease.
- Tietze’s syndrome
Tietze’s syndrome is painful health condition that primarily affects the cartilage in the ribs, collarbone, and breastbone. The condition results in severe inflammation of the affected area, and its symptoms often mirror those of a heart attack. It is also quite similar in its symptoms to costochondritis. Tietze’s syndrome is generally harmless, although the similarity of the symptoms with heart attacks may make patients anxious.
Tietze’s syndrome is typically treated with traditional painkillers. However, there are significant advantages to opting for medical marijuana instead. Providing a safer pain treatment remedy that is just as effective as traditional opiates-based drugs, but without the side effects, marijuana could be an effective part of a comprehensive Tietze’s syndrome treatment program.
Tinnitus is a condition that is primarily characterized by a ringing in the ears. Tinnitus can actually range in severity from the insignificant and barely noticeable to a full-blown issue that requires serious medical attention. In fact, tinnitus left untreated can cause a number of more serious health problems.
Marijuana can be an effective remedy for helping patients deal with the symptoms of tinnitus. If the condition requires more intensive surgical treatment, marijuana can be useful as part of the post-opiate recovery process.
- Tobacco Dependence
Tobacco dependence is one of the most dangerous habits in the world. Responsible for causing thousands of deaths every year, tobacco dependence actually takes a significant toll on human population daily. Tobacco use can lead to cancer, emphysema, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and a host of other health conditions.
Tobacco dependence can be notoriously difficult to treat, and it has in fact been said that addiction to nicotine is much harder to treat than addiction to heroin. Surprisingly, marijuana has been found to be an effective treatment remedy for tobacco dependence. Offering a much safer alternative to tobacco use, marijuana use involves virtually none of the risks associated with tobacco use.
- Tourette’s Syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome is a type of neurological disorder that affects millions of people around the world every year. The symptoms of the condition range from mild and insignificant to severe and potentially life changing, and most patients require medical attention for dealing with the symptoms of the disease. Among the most common symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome are tics or vocalization habits, which may include blinking, shrugging, and/or twisting.
Tourette’s syndrome is a complicated condition that requires serious medical intervention. However, marijuana use has been found to provide Tourette’s syndrome patients with a considerable measure of relief. When taken as part of a comprehensive treatment program, marijuana may be effective at helping Tourette’s patients deal with the most bothersome effects of the disease.
Trichotillomania is a compulsive disorder that is characterized primarily by the compulsive pulling of hair. The condition is thought to be triggered by stress, and patients will often deny that they are pulling out their own hair whether or not they are aware of it. Over time, the condition will result in notable bald patches on the scalp.
Trichotillomania is often related to issues such as depression, anxiety, and feelings of low self esteem. For this reason, treatment of trichotillomania often involves methods that aim to address these root issues. Many patients have found that medical marijuana can be beneficial for helping them deal with their urges in a healthier and more productive manner. In some patients, marijuana may also quell the urge to pull out the hair.
- Uterine cancer
Uterine cancer typically starts in the uterus lining, which is called the endometrium. Because of this, uterine cancer is also known by the name endometrial cancer. The condition may cause patients to experience bleeding or discharge from the vaginal area, and the may also experience difficulty or pain when urinating. Uterine cancer may also cause pain around the pelvis, and make it very uncomfortable to have sex.
Marijuana can help reduce the pain associated with uterine cancer. Patients undergoing chemo or radiation therapy may also use marijuana to manage the nausea.
- Viral Hepatitis
Viral hepatitis is a health condition primarily marked by the inflammation of the liver. The condition is caused by a viral infection, which itself can result from the action of no less than five different viruses. In addition, viral hepatitis can be caused or complicated by other viruses that do not necessarily fall into the “hepatitis virus” category. In any case, viral hepatitis is a serious matter, and it can be potentially life-threatening when it begins to affect the liver.
Marijuana can be an essential aid in helping patients deal with viral hepatitis. Although the herb itself does not treat the condition per se, it can be invaluable in pain relief during the treatment process.
- Wasting Syndrome
Wasting Syndrome is a medical condition in which patients diagnosed with a chronic or terminal health issue begins to lose weight. The condition is often observed in patients with cancer, HIV/AIDS, TB, and other terminal diseases. Apart from the weight loss, wasting syndrome also causes the following symptoms: diarrhea, weakness and fatigue, and fever.
Marijuana can be an essential aid in the management of terminal patients. With its appetite stimulating and mood lifting effects, marijuana can be useful for helping patients cope with their conditions.
Whiplash is a medical condition that is primarily caused by a sudden forward and then backward jerking action of the head. It most commonly occurs as a result of a vehicular accident, and it can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. Apart from the pain directly associated with the condition, whiplash can also result in a number of secondary conditions including difficulty in sleeping, memory loss, dizzy spells, and even depression.
Treatment for whiplash commonly involves physical therapy along with medication. As an alternative to over-the-counter pain relief medications, marijuana may actually be more beneficial. Providing may of the same benefits as commercially available pain killers but without the side effects, marijuana may be an integral part of whiplash recovery.
- Writer’s Cramp
Writer’s cramp is a medical condition that is mainly characterized by pain, stiffness, and/or cramping in the hands, fingers, or forearms. Also known as “Scrivener’s palsy” and “dystonia of the hand”, writer’s cramp can affect anyone who routinely performs repetitive motor tasks, not just writers. These include musicians, skilled craftsmen, jewelers, technicians, and the like.
Treatment for writer’s cramp mostly involves resting the affected area for several days – or even weeks if necessary – and over-the-counter pain relief medication. However, patients may get significant benefits from using marijuana during the healing and recovery stage. Apart from easing the pain and discomfort of the condition, marijuana may also help speed up the healing process by reducing swelling and inflammation.